Congress Hall Cafe
City on the Hill
Jesus: “You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden.” Matthew 5:14
Socrates says the when reason supported by principle of high spirit rules over the passions of the state, the man born and breed in harmony with such culture will demonstrate the same character. As an example a question is raised, if a state is scrupulous and trustworthy with its revenue, can a citizen existing in the light of the city be trusted with a deposit of gold or silver or will the man embezzle it? The answer is he will be trustworthy reflecting the culture he resides in, and all other virtues apply: freedom from sacrilege, theft, betrayal, adultery; he will be a keeper of oaths; he will not neglect his parents, and he will give due service to the gods. 685
Jesus “Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.” Matt.5:15-16
“Who kindly sets a wand’rer on his way
Does e’en as if he lit another’s lamp by his:
No less shines his, when he his friend’s hath lit.”
Henry I in his laws described the current time as filled with blessed joys of a long-for peace, and Henry in his moderation, wisdom, and justice sent a radiance over the kingdom through good ecclesiastical and secular law and ordinances, and a displayed of goods work. 81
Note: Good laws emanating from divine justice and wisdom send rays of tranquility, confidence, and joy into the community, while laws enacted without justice or wisdom fill the community with heartache, worry, and fear.
Principle of Unity
Epictetus (AD 55–135)
“I implore you to learn what the administration of the World is, and what place a Being equipped with reason possesses therein: to contemplate what you are yourself and in what respects your good and evil consists.” pg125.2
Nations, tribes and federations are forged upon principles. The principle of first importance is the definition of good and evil. If a nation or federation can not agree on this definition then the foundation in which to build a community does not exist. Fortunately for America, its founding generation and succeeding generations were dominantly Protestant, and they found in their religion a unity in their definition of good and evil through Scripture and this allowed fifty republics to be forged into a great union. Today, as America becomes divided on the definition of good and evil, the American Union can only feel the pressure of this division by a certain breakup of its federation. Jesus said correctly that a house divided will fall and this saying of Jesus is a warning to America. Therefore, if vicious factions in America are allowed to redefine good and evil, then we can not expect our union to continue, and we must expect a separation of states sanctioned by the disunity of minds.
Walking in the Light
Isaiah6.9 He said, “Go, and tell this people, ‘You hear indeed, but don’t understand; and you see indeed, but don’t perceive.”
Epictetus says one who cannot distinguish Good and Evil or Truth and Falsehood, will never follow Reason in shaping his desires and impulses and repulsions… but will in one word go about deaf and blind.
Jesus said in John12.35 “Yet a little while the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, that darkness doesn’t overtake you. He who walks in the darkness doesn’t know where he is going.” Isaiah explains the nature of darkness in Isaiah 5:20, “Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who put darkness for light, and light for darkness…” Darkness is the inverting of good and evil. We can see this in America, for example, marriage is sensibly defined as a union between a man and woman and this is good, yet today this position is touted as an archaic tradition, a position of intolerance and an evil; homosexuality, historically a capital offense, is now legalized and is called good with forced indoctrination in America’s public educational system. Electing to civil offices those who believed in God and His laws use to be a good, but today, according to the Senate confirmation hearings, a faithful Christian on the Supreme Court bench would be called an evil.
How do we avoid slipping into this darkness? Jesus points the way in Matthew 8.31-32, “If you remain in my word, then you are truly my disciples. You will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.” Deuteronomy 17:18-20 explains how to remain in the Word, “It shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write himself a copy of this law in a book, out of that which is before the priests the Levites. It shall be with him, and he shall read from it all the days of his life; that he may learn to fear Yahweh his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them; that his heart not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he not turn aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left…” There is no recorded doctrine in human history that can as effectively keep one from sliding into the darkness than the law of Moses and the Apostles; together they define good and evil according to the God of all creation. God’s law is our sure compass, and by holding fast to His precepts, it inculcates justice upon the tribunal of our soul – the conscience. Those who enter into God’s wisdom are a light to the community, a light that brings health and happiness, but those who war against the wisdom of God are in the darkness calling evil good and are the messengers of moral corruption and community ruin.
Light of Reason
Tyranny is rising and will continue to rise until the American people lose all right of life, liberty and property. Why? Tyranny is the product of darkness. Darkness is a spirit that dulls the light of reason and as darkness increases the light of reason dims, and what was unacceptable behavior is one generation becomes acceptable behavior in the next. For example, Americans use to be offended with the sin of profanity and had statutes against such coarse speech, but today profanity is protected speech, and it fills our public and private spaces. In the age of light fornication resulted in a shot-gun wedding, but with the increase of darkness, fornication is an accepted crime in society – a practice of teenagers where schools hand out condoms. In the light, reason said adultery was a punishable crime, but as darkness dulled the light of reason, adultery has become just another way of saying “good bye” to your spouse. In the light homosexuality is the “unspeakable crime” but in the darkness it is substantive right created by the Supreme Court. The question of concern is how far can reason be dimmed? I suggest you read Bernal Diaz “The Conquest of New Spain”. It reports how Cortez and his men found in Mexico a reign of hellish tyranny with government sanctioned cannibalism. In and around Mexico city (Tenochtitlan) humans were caged like animals and fattened up for the dinner table. This speaks of great human depravity and the complete extinguishing of the divine spark of human reasoning. How does this happen? The dimming of reason is a spiritual problem; the source is the Prince of Darkness and is perpetuated and increased by the forsaking of God. It happened to the Spartans in their killing of Helots, and in Rome by the degradations of the emperors and in Germany with the mass killing of the Jews and with Stalin and Mao who held to the socialist creed of removing political opposition with murder. How do we overcome darkness? Oddly enough darkness tells us how? As darkness moves a nation toward evil, it is the work of light to move the nation in the opposite direction. If darkness declares hatred for the name of Jesus Christ, then the light seeks to honor the name of Jesus Christ. If darkness seeks to remove the moral law of God law, then the light requires its institution. If darkness says that Christians are wing nuts, then the light says that the hope of our nation is in Christianity.
Nature of Darkness
Seneca say with a long list of crimes, the profits and losses of lust, and ambition raised to eminence through skulduggery, the mind is plunged into black night and darkness envelops us, as if the virtues were overthrown and we could no longer possess them or aspire to them.”102
“the great power of public opinion, and, we may ad, the higher tone of individual integrity, combine to make judges shrink from any intentional act of injustice.” 460.hiscl
Letter to a Senator
In your address to the Russian people you write,” …the Russian people, no less than Americans, are endowed by our Creator with inalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” You state an immutable principle of the Declaration of Independence. The question for the leadership of America is who is this Creator? Thomas Jefferson in his second inaugural address writes,”…the favor of that Being in whose hands we are, who led our forefathers, as Israel of old, from their native land, and planted them in a country flowing with all the necessaries and comforts of life; who has covered our infancy with his providence, and our riper years with his wisdom and power: and to whose goodness I ask you to join with me in supplications, that he will so enlighten the minds of your servants, guide their councils, and prosper their measures, that whatsoever they do, shall result in your good, and shall secure to you the peace, friendship and approbations of all nations.”
1. Thomas Jefferson ties the Being to the God of Israel. The very God who brought Israel out of the wilderness. Thomas Jefferson’s God is the God of the Bible.
2. Thomas Jefferson knows a God who is still involved in human affairs, providently and personally, therefore, Thomas Jefferson calls on the nation to offer “supplications” to move God on behalf of the nation’s leadership.
3. Thomas Jefferson believes in the power of prayer for invoking the favor of God.
4. As President of the United State, Thomas Jefferson believes that civil magistrates should acknowledge God and encourage a nation to pray to God for divine favor.
5. Praying for rulers, magistrates, and leadership is a New Testament mandate which Thomas Jefferson is fulfilling.
If Americans value the Declaration of 1776 as a legal binding social compact, we can say, like Plato, that God is written in the law; specifically, God as Creator of inalienable rights and God as Supreme Judge of our national rectitude. This rectitude is found in the “Laws of Nature and Nature’s God” which according to Blackstone is the law of nature supported by direct revelation, the law of Moses. This defines for every America according to their Compact the nature of good and evil, right and wrong. Divine law unequivocally states that marriage and its right of intimacy is between a man and woman; homosexuality is a violation, a capital offence, not even the Supreme Court can change this.
God is the author of history, and He paints into history the fame and infamy of men; fame to those who uphold His law, and infamy to those who encourage the violation of it. We can say as Tacitus said of Rome – America had entered an epoch of darkness. We have entered an age where good is called evil and evil is called good. In this age many will support evil due to their failure of knowing the light of God’s law; nevertheless, this is the work of God in order that he may display glory and infamy for the coming generations, as he did with Plato unto glory, Lycurgus unto infamy; Cicero unto glory, Caesar unto infamy; Jesus unto glory, Judas unto infamy; George Washington unto glory, King George III unto infamy, and the list goes on. Take heed, your words are being written into history and whenever you encourage the violation of God’s law you gain eternal infamy, but whenever you encourage obedience to God’s law, you move toward glory. Let this embolden you toward glory, to stand fast against all opposition to the light, for the darkness is temporary, evil will not succeed, the homosexual or abortion agenda will fail because our Creator reigns as Supreme Judge of the world.
Reason versus Madness
Jesus “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father, except through me. If you had known me, you would have known my Father also. From now on, you know him, and have seen him.” John 14:6-7
Socrates uses the analogy of sight to make sensible the nature of human reasoning. He says when objects of the world are seen by the eyes in the strength of the divinity, the sun, the objects demonstrate clarity and are certain, but if objects are viewed under lunar light, the objects are blurred and obscured. The soul operates the same way. When the attention of the soul is upon truth and reality (shining resplendent) the soul apprehends and knows truth and realty and the soul possess reason but when the soul looks away from the light of truth and realty and to the region which is mingles with darkness – the world, it opines only and its edge is blunted as the soul shifts its opinions hither and thither from the lack of reason. 744
Paraphrasing Socrates “The clearness of the world changes from shadows, reflections from water, to textual objects depending where the sun falls…Knowledge has shadows, reflections, and bright spots depending where the lights of God falls.” jb-745
Socrates says that there are two distinct disturbances of the eyes arising from two cause; first, when a man goes from light to darkness and second, when a man goes from darkness to the light. This is just as true for the soul. [As an example, we may rightly say that a righteous man entering into the life of the depraved could not immediately grasp the depravity of the immoral heart, just as the depraved man seeking righteousness could not immediately understand moral goodness.] 750
Socrates says that for trained guardians of the city who are compelled to give service to the citizens that once habituated with their flock they will discern them infinitely better than the dwellers there, and you will know what each of the ‘idols” is and of its semblance, because you have seen the realty of the beautiful, the just, and the good.” 752
Socrates says that it is the hope of city is to be ruled by public servants with minds that are awake to the reality of what is just and good, and not like some cities which ruled darkly as in a dream. 752
Job 28:28 “To man he said, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom.
To depart from evil is understanding.’”