Congress Hall Cafe
Jesus “Don’t think that I came to send peace on the earth. I didn’t come to send peace, but a sword. For I came to set a man at odds against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law. A man’s foes will be those of his own household. Matt. 10:34-36 Jesus inherited the throne of David [governor’s chair] and as King or governor it is his duty to faithfully execute the laws of the land via civil sword of justice. When Jesus said a son will be against the Father and daughter against her mother, he means crimes inside the household will be arrested by family members because in God’s government the police is the public, that is, every family member will police their own household.
“Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men which fear God: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. Let them judge the people at all times. It shall be that every great matter they shall bring to you (Moses), but every small matter they shall judge themselves.” To be in Jesus’ ministry is to do what Jesus is called to do. Jesus is called to be the King of kings (Rev.17.14). A king is an office of public trust. The executive department is the law enforcement arm of the community. Hamilton says, “The executive…holds the sword of the community.” The work of the king or the executive department of government is the executing of the laws of the land. In this sense, here is a list of American “kings” or the names of law enforcement: President, Governor, Mayor Chief of Police, Sheriff Deputy Chief of Police, Undersheriff Commander, Colonel Major, Deputy Inspector Captain Lieutenant Sergeant Detective, Investigator Officer, Deputy Sheriff and Judges American law enforcement has its heritage in the English common law, and with the addition of Article VIII to the US Constitution, a direct link is made to the government of the Anglo-Saxons who had adopted Jethro’s judicial system found in Exodus 18.21. This Anglo- Saxon system is as follows: a tithingman, who is a limited judge and officer of the peace, was over ten men called a tithing. A tithing is a charter community or neighborhood with its own police force, limited legislative government and judicial court with limited jurisdiction over minor disputes. The next is a deputy or judge over five tithings. This is a larger community with defined legislative authority having a judge with greater jurisdiction based on his training. It is an appeals court. A hundred man or judge over a hundred court was over a hundred men, and this is a greater municipality with greater appellate jurisdiction. A sheriff was over a shire court of a thousand, and this is a city with defined legislative boundaries with an appeals court. Hence, the king of kings is the deputy who is over five tithingmen, the hundred man who over two deputies, and the sheriff over ten constables in God’s judicial pyramid. This system of law enforcement is a democratic institution because the work of the police force is the work of every citizen who has taken the Oath of a Freemen which is a Frankpledge to obey the laws of the land and to be its guardians for the securing of his and his neighbor’s rights and liberties. Community policing by universal participation makes every person his brother’s keeper and answers Cain’s question or as Jesus said in Matthew 10.36, “A man’s foes will be those of his own household” (See: case law Deut. 21.18-21.) Each civil polity of ten, fifty, hundred, and thousand are to elect their own qualified elders and officers (see Deut.1:13. See Article VIII s.4) Jesus’ parables and life events speaks of these constitutional polities or “little republics.” The smallest is a ten person assembly – the tithing. Jesus points to this small city in the parables of the “ten virgins” Matthew 25.1, “ten silver coins” Luke 15.8, and the “ten slaves” Luke 19.13. In Luke 19.13 we find leadership being raised up in these cities based on merit. One servant gained for his merit five cities, that is, he became a judge over five tithings while another servant is awarded a judgeship over ten tithings or hundred court by his greater abilities. A providential event in Jesus’ life in Luke 17.12 allowed him to heal “ten lepers” showing Jesus serving a tithing. The next two constitutional created cities are the fifty and hundred. In Luke 15.3-4, Jesus speaks of a good judge over a hundred court, “What man among you, if he has a hundred sheep and has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the open pasture and go after the one which is lost until he finds it?”According to Jesus’ instructions, the Twelve Apostles sat the five thousand (five shire courts) in groups of fifty (fifty court) according to Luke 9.14 or groups of fifty and hundred according to Mark 6.40. Jesus painted the Kingdom of God which is based on local municipalities. Isaiah 1.26″I will restore your judges as at the first, and your counselors as at the beginning. Afterward you shall be called ‘The city of righteousness, a faithful town.” WEB
“And Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
Jesus, as King of kings, is positioned on his throne which is the top seat of the executive department of a federated union (See Article II – US Constitution.) The twelve thrones are the twelve judicial seats of the Supreme Court who reside over free and independent republics ( See Decl. 1776, See Article VIII s.2.) The twelve thrones have jurisdiction over the nations (See Article VIII s.12) including the twelve tribes of Israel. The twelve tribes are the twelve judicial jurisdictions within a state and each tribe or county is under one judges (See Numbers 17:6, Article VIII s.2.) Each county is broken down in civil polities of ten, fifty, hundred, and thousand.
It is a republican principal of liberty that the judicial branch of government is to operate separately from the executive, and yet, the judicial is considered as part of law enforcement and part of the executive. In ancient England every freemen was obligated to police their own community and this includes the sheriff, constable and tithingman and this combines the duties of both executive and judicial in one person, but this would not be a violation of the separation of powers principle because if a judge made a citizen’s arrest that judge would not be the judge to try the case. Jesus said in Matt. 5:18 “For most certainly, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter or one tiny pen stroke shall in any way pass away from the law, until all things are accomplished.” This is Jesus’ watchword and motto for law enforcement. Socrates questions if any city could ever receive blessings unless its features where traced by artists who use the heavenly model. 736 Socrates says that the lover of wisdom associating with the divine order will himself become orderly and divine in the measure permitted to man.”736 *Hamilton quote see Federalist Papers. No. 78
He also chose David his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds; from following the ewes that have their young, he brought him to be the shepherd of Jacob, his people, and Israel, his inheritance. So he was their shepherd according to the integrity of his heart, and guided them by the skillfulness of his hands.
Note: The executive branch is law enforcement beginning with tools for prevention to the necessity of arrest. Policing is shepherding. A shepherd guides his flock toward good works, but if one of his sheep strays from good behavior, it is the work of shepherd to bring the sheep to repentance before the judiciary.
Jesus as Shepherd
Jesus: ” I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” John 10:11
Sidney: “There is no mortal creature that deserves so well from mankind, as a wise, valiant, diligent and just king, who as a father cherishes his people; as a shepherd feeds, defends, and is ready to lay his life for his flock; who is a terror to evil doers, and a praise to those that do well.”
The Kingdom God under the reign of Jesus Christ is structured through biblical revelation. The God of Israel as Creator is Supreme (See William Blackstone). Having all authority in Heaven and Earth, God is called Lord, Lord God created mankind in His likeness and Image (Genesis 1:27) and mankind as sons of God were delegated authority to rule over the natural resources of the earth (Genesis 1:28). God placed Adam in the garden. The requirement of the garden or fee was Adam had give homage to God. First, Adam was required to guard the garden (Genesis 2:15) that is be the tithingman of his community, and the second to give socage by tending the Lord’s fields including other duties like tending and naming the Lord’s animals (Genesis 2:20). The first known criminal statute restricted Adam from eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis 2:17). Adam was given a wife called Eve. On the seventh day called the Sabbath, which is a day for holy assemblies in order to review the law of the land and magistrates who execute them, Adam, Eve, and the serpent discoursed on the Lord’s law concerning the eating of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis 3:1). Beguiled by the serpent, Adam broke his oath of fealty to the Lord of the fee by eating from the forbidden tree, and the consequence was Adam’s fee was forfeited back to the Lord, and both Adam and Eve had to “flee the realm” leaving behind them the garden in the Shire called Eden. The first trespass and theft was followed up by the first recorded murder of Abel by his brother Cain (Genesis 4:8). As a punishment, Cain had to “flee the realm” (Genesis 4:11) because at that time no delegation of criminal jurisdiction had been delegated to mankind (Genesis 4:15) only authority of civil proceedings over natural resources (Genesis 1:28 – “You shall rule over..”). It wasn’t until after the flood that the Lord Paramount, Lord God, delegated to Noah and to his descendents the right of capital punishment for murder (Genesis 9:6). The Book of Genesis discloses the source of mankind’s civil and criminal jurisdictions, but it is in the Book of Exodus we find the Anglo – Saxon system of courts which include the Tithing, Hundred and Shire. In Exodus 18:21 we read, “Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men which fear God: men of truth, hating unjust gain; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.” The ruler over the “ten” was the tithingman over the tithing of ten men, the ruler over the “hundred”was the hundredor, and over the “thousand” was the Sheriff over the country court or Shire court. This is the structure of God’s government which is called the Kingdom of God.
1. Elohim (God or Judge) as Creator (Genesis 1:1) is Lord Paramount over the earth, all sovereignty emanates from him. 2. Mankind, being equally made in the image of God, share equal suffrage in ruling over the natural resources of the earth (Genesis 1:28). 3. Criminal jurisdiction is retained by the Sovereign Lord, but the authority to execute His law is delegated to mankind in general (Genesis 9:6) and then specifically to judges (Exodus 22:8).
Rev. Samuel Rutherford: “If …they (judges) were not God’s immediate vicars, but the vicars and deputies of the king, then, being mere servants, the king might command them to pronounce such a sentence…but the king cannot limit the conscience of the inferior judge, because the judgment is not the king’s , but the Lord’s.” 88
Where does sovereignty, the right to make and enforce law, originate? Blackstone declares the sovereignty originates from the Sovereign, the Creator of all Creation. This is supported in the Book of Job where God gives Job a long discourse on God’s right to order creation to His own pleasure. Basically God chastises Job by asking who is job, the created, to question the Creator. In other words, God acts sovereignly; he does what he pleases. God created mankind in His image and likeness (Genesis 1:27), and since all mankind are created in such this way, all are equal under God, equal under law. Blackstone elaborates this in His commentaries referring to the Superior and inferior. God in His sovereignty delegated sovereign authority, the right to make and enforce law, to mankind over the natural resources of the earth (Genesis 1:28). We see Adam acting on this delegated authority when he names the animals. Parliamentary authority according to revelation is specific in nature, it exist only over the natural resources of the earth. According to the Holy Oracle, there is no parliamentary sovereignty in the nature of criminal justice. God has never delegated the authority of criminal jurisprudence to mankind. Why? To explain why mankind has sovereignty over natural resources as delegated by God and not over criminal justice and withheld by God, we must examine the state of mankind in Eden. On the sixth day of the new creation, God created man and He created them, male and female, in God’s image and likeness (Genesis 11:27). The nature of mankind being made like God and as sons of God, mankind was wholly without sin. In Eden, Adam and Eve lived innocently, and in their innocence, they had been delegated parliamentary authority over the earth and its natural resources. This is sacred principle. Mankind was granted sovereign authority while in state of innocence not in state of depravity. It was after mankind received sovereign authority that Adam and Eve violated God’s statute of not eating from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. Adam and Eve’s violated God’s law and was punishment by the forfeiture of the garden in Eden and eventually they suffered death. So here is the problem. God created mankind giving them sovereign authority while in a state of innocence but mankind left the law of innocent and enter into the law of potential depravity: mankind no longer reflected God’s perfect image and likeness and yet retained enumerated sovereignty. Should God remove the delegated authority He had given to mankind? God gives His answer in a process called redemption which is why the Scriptures, God’s revelation, was given to mankind. God wanted to make know to mankind how He was going to redeem mankind under the certain tyranny of man’s criminal behavior and yet allow man to parliamentary sovereignty over natural resources. First, God continued to allow mankind to rule over the natural resources of the earth while He retained His sovereignty over the jurisdiction of criminal justice. In His Authority, He delegates to mankind through Noah the death penalty for man slaughter. He reveals to Moses, a Jew, His laws and statutes that define good and evil in the community, and in order to to execute these laws, God allows the communities to choose God fearing men to be judges over groups of 10.50,100,and 1000 (Exodus 18:21). The next step in redemption, God rescues man from the eternal penalty, not the human penalty, of His law by and through the death of His Son, Jesus Christ. This is a very difficult notion but can be explain this way – if a man is a sinner, a criminal, he is held accountable in the courts for his actions and will be punishment according to his transgressions, and later, when he stands before the judgment seat of God, God will declare the man guilty of his crimes and the man will receive eternal punishment. But what if a man lived a sinful life. and while living, he repents his sinful lifestyle and begins doing all the good he can to others thereby demonstrating to man and God that he has set aside evil works for good works. The answer is found in the good news of Jesus Christ. When this changed man dies and stands before the judgment seat of God, God, knowing of the man’s evil past, must declare the man unfit for eternal life, but in steps God’s Son, Jesus Christ, who proclaims to the Judge of Heaven that because this man has repented for his sins and did all he could to make amends for evil actions and is on the path of doing good to all others, he, Jesus, will take upon himself the full punishment for the repentant man’s past crimes. God, the Judge of Heaven, being fair and eager to offer mercy to all man, and knowing that many others will be in a like circumstance – sinners who turn away from evil, God sent His Son down to the earth to live a perfect like, a life without guilt or sin, and God made Jesus a living sacrifice by inflicting His Son with the punishments that satisfies the full requirement of God’s law. Jesus received the whip, the fire, and the tree and entered Hades for those who transgressed God’s law but repented their evil ways and sought to live righteously. Having Atoned man to everlasting life through the shed blood of Jesus Christ, the true Passover, God the went about repairing the problems of His Sovereignty. Sovereignty over natural resources was given to mankind in the state of innocence, but now mankind existed in state of potential depravity. A global crises as evidenced in the days of Noah and in the days of we now living in. So God created a royal priesthood to administer His laws according to His justice. This royal priesthood are governors, judges, mayors, sheriffs, deputies, and tithingmen, who have been given by God the Spirit of Public Service called the Holy Spirit, fulfillment of Pentecost. Today, we call them Christians. They are the ones who proclaim Jesus Lord and testify of His Lordship by deny sinful passions and resisting evil while serving the the law of Moses while striving to serve mankind in equity and truth. They are the ones who will rule over the nations not according to the sovereignty of man but according to the sovereignty of Lord God.
City Designed By God
Providentially, England is to be reckoned a second Israel in the hearts and minds of succeeding generations the world over. The nations of the world will apply a steady gaze upon English history as a revelation of God’s wisdom in the establishment of His kingdom, just as the land of Goshem sheltered the Hebrew people which allowed a nation of Israel to be formed in the Sinai. The history of England is sanctified by blood in the battles between liberty against tyranny, between the king’s prerogative and the democratic process, between anarchy and defined social order. The monumental impact of English principles found in the rock piles of ancient English kingdoms preserved in oral and written traditions waits providentially for its full realization upon the global stage. It is the hope of all humanity. It is the realization of God’s temple of justice and liberty. It is the anticipated divine structure of order liberty. This, of course, is the Anglo-Saxon system of local communities or little republics in imitation to Exodus 18:21 with the smallest assembly being called the Tithing or assembly of ten men under a Tithingman (ruler), a civil polity called a Hundred Court or meeting of 100 men under the rule of a Hundredor, and the Shire or county court under the Sheriff. The future of the nations, the hope of civilization, the light in the darkness, the fulfillment of God’s redemption from anarchy and tyranny hangs upon the international fulfillment of this holy assemblies of 10,50,100, and 1000 with its limited and enumerated legislative, executive and judicial branches of government. The ancient prophets hoped for a city designed by God, Moses instituted it, the Anglo Saxon lived it, and now the world waits for it. True Religion Mike writes,”Mixing politics with religion has historically always destroyed the religion!” As De Tocqueville observed “Separation of Church and state is not to protect the state, but to protect the purity of the religion from the inevitable corruption of politics”! We see that same process in action today. Response: True religion is the work of justice which is the purpose of government, and government is formed by the politics of the community. This is seen in James 1:27 “Pure religion.. to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction…” This passage is incomplete, it is referring to Isaiah 1:17 “Learn to do well. Seek justice. Relieve the oppressed. Judge the fatherless. Plead for the widow.” The religion of the God of Israel is to “seek justice” which is the work of law acting through agents of government. Specifically, we seek justice for the fatherless or orphans in the community through law and the courts. Additionally, true religion is to ”plead for the widow.” We fulfill this by pro bono service. Pro bono is legal services provided “to those who are unable to afford them.” This is true religion according to Scripture. In summery, when we speak of true religion we speak of justice according to God’s law delivered to the rich and poor without concern to cost. From Lex Rex, “Justice should be at as easy a rate…as a drought of water.” Based on this principle, Tocqueville is in error when supporting the separation of church and state at least in matters concerning God’s law. The Christian community is currently constructed on incorrect principles. They have built communities outside the legal, judicial process and have relied upon interpretation of doctrine instead of obedience to the commandments. Instead of being a community of royal priests (lawyers) forcing the cause of justice in the courts (See Moses pleading in the tabernacle of God), Christians have isolated themselves from the process of justice and have become a factious group bickering over fabricated models of the” true church” even in violation of Paul’s warning in I Corinthians 1:12. “Now I mean this, that each one of you says, “I follow Paul,” “I follow Apollos,” “I follow Cephas,” and, “I follow Christ.” Conclusion, Christians needs to get back to true religion which means becoming enlightened in law and using law to secure justice in their community. Isaiah 61:8 “For I the Lord love justice.” *See Deut.6:6-11 Emer de Vattel: “justice is the basis of all society.” 296 Cicero “The supreme rule, then, in the matter of kindnesses to be rendered by personal service is never to take up a case in opposition to the right nor in defence of the wrong. For the foundation of enduring reputation and fame is justice, and without justice there can be nothing worthy of praise.” b2.71 Socrates says the universal requirement for founding a city is justice. 674 Athenians “We both know that decisions about justice are made in human discussions only when both sides are under equal compulsion, but when one side is stronger, it gets as much as it can, and the weak must accept that.” 103 Aristotle “Unlawful it certainly is to rule without regard to justice, for there may be might where there is no right.” b7.xi.pol Cicero “From all this we conclude that the duties prescribed by justice must be given precedence over the pursuit of knowledge and the duties imposed by it; for the former concern the welfare of our fellow-men; and nothing ought to be more sacred in men’s eyes than that. And yet scholars, whose whole life and interests have been devoted to the pursuit of knowledge, have not, after all, failed to contribute to the advantages and blessings of mankind.” de.off.155/156 John of Salisbury says that Placentia says that it was a famous and recurrent experience of the Italian cities that so long as they cherished peace and cultivated justice and refrained from perjury, they rejoiced in such liberty and peace that there was nothing as all which disturbed their calm. 60 Grotius:”The opinions of Epicurus afford a sufficient proof of this: for in banishing the providence of God from his system, he made justice nothing but an empty name, springing from human conventions, founded on self-interest, and restraining men from the commission of crimes by no other principle but that of fear.” 194 Vattel “The tranquility, the happiness, the security of the human race, wholly depend on justice, – on the obligation of paying a regard to the rights of others.” 342
Bingham 1866 “…law in its highest sense, that law which is the perfection of human reason, and which is impartial, equal, exact justice; that justice which requires that every man shall have his right; that justice which is the highest duty of nations as it is the imperishable attribute of the God of nations.” spc.cong
Jesus “23 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill, and cumin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faith. But you ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone.” Matt.23:23 Cicero “Of these two qualities, then, justice has the greater power to inspire confidence; for even without the aid of wisdom, it has considerable weight; but wisdom without justice is of no avail to inspire confidence; for take from a man his reputation for probity, and the more shrewd and clever he is, the more hated and mistrusted he becomes. Therefore, justice combined with practical wisdom will command all the confidence we can desire; justice without wisdom will be able to do much; wisdom without justice will be of no avail at all.” Deoff.b2.34 Cicero “This fact, furthermore, should not be overlooked — that, if one defends a wealthy favourite of fortune, the favour does not extend further than to the man himself or, possibly, to his children. But, if one defends a man who is poor but honest and upright, all the lowly who are not dishonest — and there is a large proportion of that sort among the people — look upon such an advocate as a tower of defence raised up for them. I think, therefore, that kindness to the good is a better investment than kindness to the favourites of fortune.” B2.70.71 Royal Priesthood 1 Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, that you may proclaim the excellence of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light…” Exodus 19:6 “and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests, and a holy nation.”
Justinian’s Digest: “When a man means to give his attention to law (jus), he ought first to know whence the term jus is derived. Now jus is so called from justitia (justice); in fact, according to the nice definition of Celsus, jus is the art of what is good and fair. Of this art we may deservedly be called the priests; we cherish justice and profess the knowledge of what is good and fair, we separate what is fair from what is unfair, we discriminate between what is allowed and what is forbidden, we desire to make men good, not only by putting them in fear of penalties, but also by appealing to them through rewards, proceeding, if I am not mistaken, on a real and not a pretended philosophy.”
Socrates says that one man of surpassing merit among the leadership, it would be denominated royalty (that is the right to act upon civil authority.) If more than one of surpassing merit among rulers then an aristocracy would exist. But the God of Israel did not seek the royalty of one or of a few but of a holy nation, a national citizenry of priests who are ministers of law. 688 Rutherford “A king essentially is a living law…” “The law is the measure of the king’s power.” 111lex Good Shepherd Jesus “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” John 10:11 Sidney “The good magistrate seeks the good of the people committed to his care, that he may perform the end of his institution: and knowing that chiefly to consist in justice and virtue, he endeavors to plant and propagate them; and by doing this he procures his own good as well as that of the public. “ 423 The authors of History of the Common Law revisit the judicial motives the court of Chancery. The Court is called court of conscience by ecclesiastical judge adjudicating according to conscience. The judge’s primary function and concern was with the soul of the defendant, the wrong doer. Ordering restitution from the accused to the injured was not so much to benefit the injured but to remove the stain of sin from the accused that he may not be subject to Hell. This is also logic behind specific performance in order to fulfill a promise, so the defendant could fill obligation and this was repentance of sin. 315
Hooker says the prince is the minister of public utility and a servant of equity. His public persona is created by the punishment of injuries, wrongs and crimes with a moderate equity; his rod and staff, exercised with wisdom, submits all deviations and errors from justice to the review of equity, so the Holy Spirit may meritoriously say, “Your rod and your staff, they are comfort to me.” Psalms 23.4 The shield of the prince is strong and is a shield that defects the darts of the wicked and malignant from the innocent. 31
Rev. S. Rutherford “Now God’s end in giving a king to his church, is the feeding, safety, preservation, and the peaceable and quiet life of his church.” lex,142
Psalms 23:1-6 A Psalm of David. “The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name’s sake. Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.” Rev Samuel Rutherford “But the power of a king is given as a blessing and favor of God to defend the poor and needy, to preserve both tables of the law, and to keep the people in their liberties from oppression and treading one upon another.” 142 ——-
Jesus “But who is there among you, having a servant plowing or keeping sheep, that will say, when he comes in from the field, ‘Come immediately and sit down at the table,’ and will not rather tell him, ‘Prepare my supper, clothe yourself properly, and serve me, while I eat and drink. Afterward you shall eat and drink’? Does he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded? I think not. Even so you also, when you have done all the things that are commanded you, say, ‘We are unworthy servants. We have done our duty.” Luke 17:7-10 Rutherford “The acts of royalty are acts of duty and obligation, therefore not acts of grace properly so called.” 123 Pufendorf “Therefore when a Superiour has done every thing that was requir’d by the Rules of his Directorship, and yet somewhat is acted amiss, this shall be laid only to the charge of him that did it.” deoff.b1.18 — Jesus “If anyone comes to me, and doesn’t hate his own father, mother, wife, children, brothers, and sisters, yes, and his own life also, he can’t be my disciple.” Luke 14.26 Cicero “It is in the case of friendships, however, that men’s conceptions of duty are most confused; for it is a breach of duty either to fail to do for a friend what one rightly can do, or to do for him what is not right…. But an upright man will, never for a friend’s sake do anything in violation of his country’s interests or his oath or his sacred honour, not even if he sits as judge in a friend’s case; for he lays aside the role of friend when he assumes that of judge.” De.off. 43 Note: Sitting on the Throne of David which is the governor’s chair of Israel, Jesus has the duty to faithfully execute the laws of God and man. Those coming to him as governor such as sheriffs, marshals, and deputies, must put the law above even their own family relationships. — Capable Sovereign He writes ” It is not within our capabilities to do as you suggest today.” Response: It would be an atrocious anomaly to hand over sovereign authority to one or more or to “We the People” who were/are incapable of fulfilling its sacred obligations and duties. So if God and common sense agree that the delegation of sovereignty to the people or majority rule is the safest deposit in the maintenance of rights and liberties, the people individually and collectively must be capable. Solution: Americans must fulfill their sovereign duty by being involved in true religion. True religion is the knowledge of governmental structures, sovereign power application, nature of criminal jurisprudence, and equity culminating in community justice. This is the work of God’s revelation to man in Scripture, the purpose of philosophy, the focus of the children of God – it is the battle ground between good and evil. Sidney “And as the safety of all nations consists in rightly placing and measuring this power, such have been found always to prosper who have given it to those from whom usurpations were least to be feared, who have been least subject to be awed, cheated or corrupted, and who having the greatest interest in the nation, were most concerned to preserve its power, liberty and welfare. This is the greatest trust that can be reposed in men.” 477 Public Service
JESUS ON GOOD LEADERSHIP
Jesus “You are the light of the world. A city located on a hill can’t be hidden. Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.” Matt:5:14-16
John of Salisbury writes that as the sun shines over the world causing the world to be seen so a righteous prince is another sun. The Prince or public servant is doing right when he prevents swarms of drones as it were from taking all the honey from the hive, and when he raises the church to the apex and extends true religion, and when he humiliates the proud while exalting the humble, and when he is generous to the destitute while frugal with the wealthy and when justice, prudence and other virtues go before him. 141
Knowing the Law Jesus “Whoever, therefore, shall break one of these least commandments, and teach others to do so, shall be called least in the Kingdom of Heaven; but whoever shall do and teach them shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. Matthew 5:19 Magna Carta 1215 cap. 45. “We will appoint as justices, constables, sheriffs, or bailiffs only such as know the law of the realm and mean to observe it well.” Ecclesiasticus Chapter 10 1. “A wise judge will instruct his people; and the government of a prudent man is well ordered.” Balance God of Israel “It shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write himself a copy of this law in a book…It shall be with him, and he shall read from it all the days of his life… and that he not turn aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left” Dt.17:18-20 John of Salisbury says that a prince in executing God’s commandments goes to far to the left when he excessively punishes his subjects and to far to the right when he is too indulgent in mercy towards an evil doers. 53 Terror Paul “For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil.” Rom.13:3 Sidney “The name of dread sovereign might justly have been given to a Roman dictator, or consul, for they had the sovereign authority in their hands, and power sufficient for its execution. Whilst their magistracy continued, they were a terror to the same men, whose axes and rods had been a terror to them the year or month before, and might be so against the next.” 514 Royal Priesthood 1 Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, that you may proclaim the excellence of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” 10 Sidney 514 “The tribunes of the people, who were instituted for the preservation of liberty, were also esteemed sacred and inviolable. As appears by the phrase, sacrosancia tribunorum potestas (The sacrosanct power of the tribunes), so common in their ancient writers. Socrates says that those most qualified to be guardians are the least eager to serve while those of the least qualified will be the most eager. It is the duty of the qualified to receive offices of public trust. 752 Note: The Founders of America did not run for public office; they were elected according to the confidence of the People. Thomas Jefferson comprehended that a vote of confidence causing an election to a public office was a duty not to be denied. This leads to an important point. Civil government is God’s throne, and for any soul to safely enter in an office of public trust, it must be by the favor and will of God as expressed through the verdict and choice of His People. If anyone enters by fraud, deceit, or by personal advertising, and not by a true established reputation, then the soul is in jeopardy of receiving the ill will of God. Examples of God’s displeasure in the folly of public service without His favor is found in the likes of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, Ivan the Terrible, Adolf Hitler, and others. God turned their souls over to the Evil One and converted theses souls into demons in order to bring judgment upon the individual and entire nation for treating his temple, civil government, with contempt. Cicero “As, then, this superiority of mind to such externals inspires great admiration, so justice, above all, on the basis of which alone men are called “good men,” seems to people generally a quite marvellous virtue — and not without good reason; for no one can be just who fears death or pain or exile or poverty, or who values their opposites above equity. And people admire especially the man who is uninfluenced by money; and if a man has proved himself in this direction, they think him tried as by fire. Those three requisites, therefore, which were presupposed as the means of obtaining glory, are all secured by justice: (1) good-will, for it seeks to be of help to the greatest number; (2) confidence, for the same reason; and (3) admiration, because it scorns and cares nothing for those things, with a consuming passion for which most people are carried away.” de.off.b2.38 Cicero “Now it seems to me, at least, that not only among the Medes, as Herodotus tells us, but also among our own ancestors, men of high moral character were made kings in order that the people might enjoy justice.” de.off.b2.41 John of Salisbury says the queen of virtue is justice and justice would be embarrassed to be exchanged for any amount of cost. Justice will not be seduced by prostitution for justice is purse, entirely and forever. 135 Cicero ” Justice is, therefore, in every way to be cultivated and maintained, both for its own sake (for otherwise it would not be justice) and for the enhancement of personal honour and glory…If, therefore, anyone wishes to win true glory, let him discharge the duties required by justice” de.off.b2.41 Henry I law says that the king’s peace extends from the gate of his residence into all four direction for three mile…and much care to see that no one violates the king’s peace, especially in his vicinity. 121 Note: A king is any law enforcement officer, and since the community is divided into jurisdictions of ten, fifty, hundred, and thousand, the officer is responsible of maintaining the King’s peace for the protection of the people. John of Salisbury says that when Trajan mounted his horse to depart for battle, a widow, seizing his foot and wailing, petitioned him for justice against the unlawful death of his son. “You Augustus”, she said “are Emperor, Must I endure so atrocious an injury?” “I” said the Emperor, “will satisfy you when I return.” “What”, she responded, “if you do not return?” “My successor”, Trajan asserted, “would satisfy you.” And she retorted, “How are you improved if someone else does good? You owe this to me; you are brought rewards according to your works; it is above all fraud not to render that which is owed. Your successor will be obligated on his own account for those who endure injuries; the justice of another will not release you; it goes well for your successor if he is released from his own debts.” Moved by these words, the emperor descended from his horse and immediately had the case examined and the widow was consoled by the satisfaction she wholly deserved.” 80 Assize of Clarendon (Henry II) “In the first place, the aforesaid King Henry, with the consent of all his barons, for the preservation of the peace and the keeping of justice, has enacted that inquiry should be made through the several counties and through the several hundreds, by twelve of the most legal men of the hundred and by four of the most legal men of each vill, upon their oath that they will tell the truth, whether there is in their hundred or in their vill, any man who has been accused or publically suspected of himself being a robber, or murderer, or thieve…..and let the justice make this inquiry before themselves, and the sheriffs before themselves. 15.sdocs Coram Rege. [Latin, In the presence of the king himself.] Character Jesus “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.” Matt.5:3-10 Aristotle “A lofty spirit is not fierce by nature, but only when excited against evil-doers.” B7.vii John of Salisbury writes that a magistrate is a servant to justice. Pol.94 Grotius “So that is behoves Christian princes to prohibit all unnecessary effusion of blood, as they must render an account of their sovereign commission to him, by whose authority, and in whose stead, they bear the sword.” 292.2.l&p John of Salisbur “The lawful ruler is the minister of God, or the servant of God, for good to the commonwealth; and to resist the servant in that wherein he is a servant, and using the power that he hath from his master, is to resist the Lord his master. But the man who is the kin, commanding unjust things, and killing the innocent, in these acts is not the minister of God for the good of the commonwealth…The ruler, as the ruler, and the nature and intrinsical end of the office is that he bear God’s sword as an avenger to execute wrath on him that doth evil.” 145 Life for Life Jesus: “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’But I tell you, don’t resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 If anyone sues you to take away your coat, let him have your cloak also. Whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. Give to him who asks you, and don’t turn away him who desires to borrow from you.” Matt. 5:38-41 Jesus was addressing an historic problem…persons taking law into one’s own hands. For example, family feuds where one family member killed another family member than revenge was the response…life for life, eye for eye in fulfillment of Old Testament law. Jesus is not nulifying the justice of life but he is putting it in its proper place – the justice system. When Jesus says turn the other check what he is saying is go ahead and allow the abuse because not only will you collect a fine for the first slap when you go before the judge but you will also collect a penalty for the other slap. If someone forces you to go one mile..go two….because when you go before a judge…the judge will give you restitution for 2 miles. Same with the coat. How do we know this? Because Jesus position is of the executive branch of civil government which includes the king and judge. He is law enforcement.